Renal Physiology

Peritubular capillary control of proximal tubule reabsorption in the rat

M. D. Quinn, D. J. Marsh


Changes in peritubular capillary hydrostatic and oncotic pressures, which probably affect net interstitial pressure and, thus, the force on fluid movement across the tubule basement membrane, can modulate absolute proximal reabsorption rate (APR). To examine the relationship between APR and net interstitial pressure, we measured peritubular capillary hydrostatic and oncotic pressure, single nephron filtration rate, APR, absolute distal reabsorption (ADR), and tubular hydrostatic pressure in hydropenic, saline-loaded, and plasma-loaded rats. Net interstitial pressure in saline loading was estimated from subcapsular hydrostatic pressure and lymph protein concentration measurements. The surface area-hydraulic conductivity product of the peritubular capillary network was estimated from these measurements with a model of capillary fluid exchange in which fluid uptake was defined to be APR plus ADR. The estimated value was assumed to remain constant in all three states, and was then used to estimate net interstitial pressure in hydropenic and plasma-loaded rats. APR and net interstitial pressure correlated strongly, a finding consistent with the hypothesized role for net interstitial pressure in regulating proximal reabsorption.