Role of the angiotensin II AT2 receptor in inflammation and oxidative stress: opposing effects in lean and obese Zucker rats

Rifat Sabuhi, Quaisar Ali, Mohammad Asghar, Najah Riesh Hadi Al-Zamily, Tahir Hussain


Inflammation and oxidative stress are believed to contribute to hypertension in obesity/diabetes. Recently, we reported a role for the AT2 receptor in blood pressure control in obese Zucker rats. However, the role of AT2 receptors in inflammation and oxidative stress in obesity is not known. Therefore, in the present study, we tested the effects of the AT2 receptor agonist CGP-42112A on inflammation and oxidative stress in obese Zucker rats and compared them in their lean counterparts. Rats were systemically treated with either vehicle (control) or CGP-42112A (1 μg·kg−1·min−1; osmotic pump) for 2 wk. Markers of inflammation (CRP, MCP-1, TNF-α, and IL-6) and oxidative stress (HO-1, gp-91phox) as well as an antioxidant (SOD) were determined. Control obese rats had higher plasma levels of CRP, MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and HO-1 compared with control lean rats. Conversely, plasma SOD activity was lower in control obese than in control lean rats. Furthermore, the protein levels of TNF-α and gp-91phox were higher in the kidney cortex of control obese rats. Interestingly, CGP-42112A treatment in obese rats reduced the plasma and kidney cortex inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-6) and oxidative stress (gp-91phox) markers and increased plasma SOD activity to the levels seen in lean control rats. However, CGP-42112A treatment in lean rats increased inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-6) and oxidative stress (gp-91phox) markers in the plasma and kidney cortex. Our present studies suggest anti-inflammatory and antioxidative functions of AT2 receptor in obese Zucker rats but proinflammatory and prooxidative functions in lean Zucker rats.

  • CGP-42112A
  • superoxide dismutase
  • TNF-α
  • IL-6
  • NF-κB
  • nitric oxide


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