Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is the state of which a tissue experiences injury after a phase of restrictive blood supply and recirculation. Ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R-I) is a leading cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in several disease states, including kidney transplantation, sepsis, and hypovolemic shock. The most common methods to evaluate AKI are creatinine clearance, plasma creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, or renal histology. However, currently, there are no precise methods to directly assess renal injury state noninvasively. Hyperpolarized 13C-pyruvate MRI enables noninvasive accurate quantification of the in vivo conversion of pyruvate to lactate, alanine, and bicarbonate. In the present study, we investigated the in situ alterations of metabolic conversion of pyruvate to lactate, alanine, and bicarbonate in a unilateral I/R-I rat model with 30 min and 60 min of ischemia followed by 24 h of reperfusion. The pyruvate conversion was unaltered compared with sham in the 30 min I/R-I group, while a significant reduced metabolic conversion was found in the postischemic kidney after 60 min of ischemia. This indicates that after 30 min of ischemia, the kidney maintains normal metabolic function in spite of decreased kidney function, whereas the postischemic kidney after 60 min of ischemia show a generally reduced metabolic enzyme activity concomitant with a reduced kidney function. We have confidence that these findings can have a high prognostic value in prediction of kidney injury and the outcome of renal injury.
- ischemia-reperfusion injury
- renal metabolism
- Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society
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