In the basolateral membrane of proximal-tubule cells, NBCe1-A-operating with an apparent Na+:HCO3− stoichiometry of 1:3-contributes to the reclamation of HCO3− from the glomerular filtrate, thereby preventing whole-body acidosis. Others have reported that NBCe1-like activity in human, rabbit, and rat renal preparations is substantially influenced by Li+, sulfite, oxalate, and harmaline. These data were taken as evidence for the presence of distinct Na+ and CO32− binding sites in NBCe1-A, favoring a model of 1Na+:1HCO3−:1CO32−. Here, we re-examine these findings by expressing human or rabbit NBCe1-A clones in Xenopus oocytes. In oocytes NBCe1-A exhibits a 1:2 stoichiometry and could operate in one of five thermodynamically equivalent transport modes:  cotransport of Na+ + 2HCO3−,  cotransport of Na+ + CO32−,  transport of NaCO3−,  exchange of Na+ + HCO3− for H+, or  HCO3--activated exchange of Na+ for 2H+. In contrast to the behavior of NBCe1-like activity in renal preparations, we find that cloned NBCe1-A is only slightly stimulated by Li+, not at all influenced by sulfite or oxalate, and only weakly inhibited by harmaline. These negative data do not uniquely support any of the five models above. In addition, we find that NBCe1-A mediates a small amount of Na+-independent NO3− transport and that NBCe1-A is somewhat inhibited by extracellular benzamil. We suggest that the features of NBCe1-like activity in renal preparations are influenced by yet-to-be-identified renal factors. Thus the actual ionic substrates of NBCe1 remain to be identified.
- Copyright © 2012, American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology