Autonomic and somatic motor neurons that innervate the urinary bladder and urethra control the highly coordinated functions of the lower urinary tract, the storage and emptying of urine. Acetylcholine (ACh) is the primary excitatory neurotransmitter in the bladder. Here, we aimed to determine whether protein kinase A (PKA) regulates neuronal ACh release and related nerve-evoked detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) contractions in the guinea pig urinary bladder. Isometric DSM tension recordings were used to measure spontaneous phasic, electrical field stimulation (EFS)- and carbachol-induced DSM contractions with a combination of pharmacological tools. The colorimetric method was used to measure ACh released by the parasympathetic nerves in DSM isolated strips. The pharmacological inhibition of PKA with H-89 (10 µM) increased the spontaneous phasic contractions, while it attenuated the EFS-induced DSM contractions. Intriguingly, H-89 (10 µM) attenuated the (primary) cholinergic component while it simultaneously increased the (secondary) purinergic component of the nerve-evoked contractions in DSM isolated strips. The acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, eserine (10 µM), increased EFS-induced DSM contractions and the subsequent addition of H-89 attenuated the contractions. H-89 (10 µM) significantly increased DSM phasic contractions induced by the cholinergic agonist carbachol. The inhibition of PKA decreased the neuronal release of ACh in DSM tissues. This study revealed that PKA-mediated signaling pathways differentially regulate nerve-evoked and spontaneous phasic contractions of guinea pig DSM. Constitutively active PKA in the bladder nerves controls synaptic ACh release, thus regulating the nerve-evoked DSM contractions, whereas PKA in DSM cells controls the spontaneous phasic contractility.
- protein kinase A
- muscarinic receptor
- overactive bladder
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology