Postnatal inhibition or deletion of angiotensin II (ANG II) AT1 receptors impairs renal medullary mircrovascular development through a mechanism that may include vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The present study was designed to test if VEGF/VEGF receptor signaling is necessary for development of the renal medullary microcirculation. Endothelial cell-specific immunolabeling of kidney sections from rats showed immature vascular bundles at postnatal (P) day 10 with subsequent expansion of bundles until P21. Medullary VEGF protein abundance coincided with vasa recta bundle formation. In human fetal kidney tissue, immature vascular bundles appeared early in third trimester (GA27-28) and expanded in size until term. Rat pups treated with the VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2) inhibitor vandetanib (100 mg/kg/day) from P7-P12 or P10-P16 displayed growth retardation and proteinuria. Stereological quantification showed a significant reduction in total length (386±13 vs 219±16 meters), surface area and volume of medullary microvessels. Vascular bundle architecture was unaffected. ANGII-AT1A/1B-/- mice kidneys displayed poorly defined vasa recta bundles whereas mice with collecting duct principal cell-specific AT1A deletion displayed no medullary microvascular phenotype. In conclusion, VEGFR2 signaling during postnatal development is necessary for expansion of the renal medullary microcirculation, but not structural patterning of the vasa recta bundles, which occurs through an AT1-mediated mechanism.
- Kidney development
- Vasa recta
- Angiotensin II
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology