Apical membrane targeting of the collecting duct water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) is essential for body water balance. As this event is regulated by Gs coupled 7-transmembrane receptors such as the vasopressin type 2 receptor (V2R) and the prostanoid receptors EP2 and EP4, it is believed to be cAMP-dependent. However, on the basis of recent reports, it was hypothesized in the current study that increased cAMP levels are not necessary for AQP2 membrane targeting. The role and dynamics of cAMP signaling on AQP2 membrane targeting in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney and mouse cortical collecting duct (mpkCCD14) cells was examined using selective agonists against the V2R (dDAVP), EP2 (butaprost) and EP4 (CAY10580). During EP2 stimulation, AQP2 membrane targeting continually increased during 80 min of stimulation; whereas cAMP levels reached a plateau after 10 min. EP4 stimulation caused a rapid and transient increase in AQP2 membrane targeting, but did not significantly increase cAMP levels. After washout of EP2 agonist or dDAVP, AQP2 membrane abundance remained elevated for at least 80 min, whereas cAMP levels rapidly decreased. Similar effects of the EP2 agonist were also observed for AQP2 constitutively non-phosphorylated at ser-269. The adenylyl cyclase inhibitor SQ22536 did not prevent AQP2 targeting during stimulation of each receptor, nor after dDAVP washout. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that although direct stimulation with cAMP causes AQP2 membrane targeting, cAMP is not necessary for receptor-mediated AQP2 membrane targeting and Gs coupled receptors can also signal through an alternative pathway that increase AQP2 membrane targeting.
- cell signaling
- Copyright © 2015, American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology