Nephrocalcinosis describes the ectopic deposition of calcium salts in the kidney parenchyma. Nephrocalcinosis can result from a number of acquired causes, but also an even greater number of genetic diseases, predominantly renal, but also extra-renal. Here we provide a review of the genetic causes of nephrocalcinosis, along with putative mechanisms, illustrated by human and animal data.
- renal tubule
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology