Table 1.

Common features of serum lipid/lipoprotein profile in predialysis CKD patients with or without nephrotic proteinuria and in ESRD patients treated with chronic hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis

Serum LipidCKD PatientsHemodialysis PatientsPeritoneal Dialysis Patients
Heavy proteinuriaMinimal proteinuria
Total cholesterol↔, ↓↔, ↓ Rarely ↑Frequently ↑
LDL cholesterol↔, ↓ or ↑↔, ↓ Rarely ↑Frequently ↑
Small dense LDL
IDL cholesterol
HDL cholesterol
apoA-I, apoA-II
  • CKD, chronic kidney disease; ESRD, end-stage renal disease; LDL, IDL, HDL: low-density, intermediate-density, and high-density lipoproteins, respectively; apo, apolipoprotein.